Military forces close in on mall attackers

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NAIROBI, Kenya (CNN) -- Black smoke rose Monday afternoon over the besieged mall in Nairobi, Kenya, where security forces have been in a standoff with terrorists.

Gunshots also were heard outside the Westgate Shopping Mall about 1:20 p.m. Nairobi time, but it was not clear whether the siege, in its third day, was nearing an end.

Kenyan authorities claimed earlier Monday that they had made progress against terrorists inside the mall, where at least 69 people have died.

Terrorists from the Somalia-based Al-Shabaab group were believed to have about 10 remaining hostages on one level of the mall, security officials said. Other mall levels had been cleared Monday.

"All efforts are underway to bring this matter to a speedy conclusion," the Kenyan military said on Twitter about 11:30 p.m. Sunday, Nairobi time (4:30 p.m. ET). Another tweet said that "most of the hostages have been rescued and security forces have taken control of most parts of the building."

An unspecified number of hostages then were freed overnight, the head of the Kenyan police force said.

Inspector General David Kimaiyo tweeted at noon Monday local time: "We have managed to rescue more hostages overnight and very few are remaining. We are also closing in on the attackers."

Outside the security perimeter around the mall, volunteers waited Monday for their chance to go inside and recover bodies.

At a community center nearby, a distraught woman continued to seek information about her missing husband, a mall employee.

Sporadic gunfire continued into Monday morning, but it could not be determined if security forces or militants were firing at each other.

Israeli special forces were at the scene, Kenyan government sources told CNN.

The siege

The attack began at midday Saturday, Nairobi time, with an estimated 10 to 15 gunmen. Two attackers were killed Saturday.

According to witnesses, the gunmen went from store to store shooting people and then took hostages.

Al-Shabaab has claimed that the attackers targeted non-Muslims and vowed they would not negotiate for the hostages' lives. CNN security analyst Peter Bergen said the terrorists apparently took hostages only to prolong the siege and win more media attention.

As Kenyan police and military tried to end the standoff in its third day, authorities elsewhere were collecting names and details and planning to track down those in Al-Shabaab behind the attack.

The dead

Most of the dead were said to be Kenyans.

Four British citizens, two French nationals and two Canadians, including a diplomat, also perished, their governments said.

And a major African poet, author and Ghanian statesman, Kofi Awoonor, also died, Ghana's president said.

President John Mahama called the killing of Awoonor "such a sad twist of fate."

And the tragedy is personal for Kenya's president, Uhuru Kenyatta. He said one of his nephews and his nephew's fiancee were among the dead.

The wounded

Kenyatta said more than 175 people were wounded. Five of those were Americans, the State Department said Sunday.

Elaine Dang, 26, a University of California, Berkeley, graduate from San Diego underwent surgery to her chest, arms and legs but told CNN affiliate KFMB-TV, "I'm OK, I'm very grateful to be alive."

She said two of her local friends died in the attack.

Dang, who has worked for humanitarian organizations, now is the general manager for Eat Out Kenya.

She said she hoped Americans would not form negative opinions about Kenya.

"I'm very prideful for the country, and I love Kenyans," she said.

Three injured security forces also were seen taken out of the mall, but the severity of their injuries was unclear.

The terrorists

Before its Twitter account was suspended, Al-Shabaab issued a list of nine names it said were among the attackers. It said three were from the United States, two from Somalia and one each from Canada, Finland, Kenya and the United Kingdom.

A senior State Department official said that the United States was trying to determine whether any of the alleged attackers are American. But, the official said, authorities are becoming more confident that American citizens were involved.

Federal officials and Somali-American leaders in Minneapolis have reported that Al-Shabaab has recruited young men there to go to Africa to fight.

The "terrorists" involved in the Westgate mall hostage attack are men, but some were dressed as women, Interior Cabinet Secretary Joseph Ole Lenku told reporters. Video surveillance footage appeared to show a white woman taking part in the attack, senior Kenyan intelligence sources told CNN earlier.

The investigation

Kenyatta vowed Sunday to punish those responsible for the attacks.

"They shall not get away with their despicable, beastly acts. Like the cowardly perpetrators now cornered in the building, we will punish the masterminds swiftly and indeed very painfully," he said.

Secretary of State John Kerry promised an American investigation.

"Obviously, it's an enormous offense against everybody's sense of right and wrong," Kerry said. "It represents the seriousness and the breadth of the challenge we face with ruthless and completely reckless terrorists, and we're going to pursue them."

The mall siege was the deadliest terror attack in Kenya since al Qaeda blew up the U.S. Embassy there in 1998, killing 213 people.

Al-Shabaab is al Qaeda's proxy in Somalia.

Since Kenya launched attacks against Al-Shabaab in Somalia in 2011, the group has hurled grenades at Kenyan churches, bus stops and other public places.

Last year, the Kenyan military was part of a peacekeeping force that defeated Al-Shabaab forces to liberate the key Somali port of Kismayo.

CNN's David Simpson reported and wrote from Atlanta; Arwa Damon, Lillian Lesposo and Nima ElBagir reported from Nairobi. CNN's Holly Yan, Greg Botelho, Brian Walker and Jackie Castillo reported from Atlanta.

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