KANSAS CITY, Mo. -- From the early 1900s to the late 1940s, tens of thousands of African-Americans called the 18th and Vine district home.
The thriving community covered two square miles and most did not wander beyond these boundaries.
And one of the most popular places for kids and adults alike, happened to be the Paseo YMCA. Watch the video above for a look inside.
Sarah Rector Campbell Crawford, or Sarah Rector, was the first black female millionaire to live in Kansas City.
Rector was born in 1901 in Oklahoma. She was an ancestor of those enslaved by the Creek Indian Tribe. Because of the 1887 Dawes Allotment Act, the Creeks and their former slaves received land. Usually this meant rocky and infertile land, but in Rector's case, oil driver B.B. Jones produced a gusher that delivered nearly 250 barrels a day.
In 1916 she came to Kansas City as a millionairess.
Born in 1885, Homer Roberts grew up to to open the first African American car dealership in the nation at 19th & Vine.
Roberts was a veteran of WWI, he owned several businesses in the 18th & Vine area. He also owned what today would be considered a mall, housing barber, beauty shops as well as the car dealership.
At the time, car dealerships would not sell cars to African Americans directly, so Roberts positioned himself as a broker between white car dealers and black prospective buyers. He later become a dealer himself.